Notes from LFC 291, from May 2016.
Source: http://xkcd.com/225/ provided under CC BY-NC 2.5.
And for artistic work:
Separate license file In files, refer to license
How to refer (in descending order of preference):
Using URLs may be a risk, because websites change over time.
“Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights for its use and distribution.”
Copyright extends to how ideas or algorithms are written down.
Ideas and algorithms are covered by patent law instead.
In all countries in the Berne Union it is not necessary to apply for copyright.
Possible copyright holders
Although it is not necessary in the Berne Union to add a copyright notice for claiming copyright, it is still recommended to indicate the copyright holders in code: e.g. in court it is necessary to establish who the copyright holder is. Having a copyright notice in place is a quick and easy way to ensure this.
The indication should have the form:
<a copyright indicator> <years applicable>, <copyright holder(s)>.
The course recommends:
A file notice consists of the license reference (module 2) and a copyright notice (module 3).
A file notice
Contributor Agreements are: